Category Archives: Elactrical

Resistance Colour Coding calculation


Example:       Circuit symbol:   


Resistors restrict the flow of electric current, for example a resistor is placed in series with a light-emitting diode (LED) to limit the current passing through the LED.

Connecting and soldering

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Resistivity Calculation

Resistivity Calculation – The electrical resistance of a wire would be expected to be greater for a longer wire, less for a wire of larger cross sectional area, and would be expected to depend upon the material out of which the wire is made (resistivity). Experimentally, the dependence upon these properties is a straightforward one for a wide range of conditions, and the resistance of a wire can be expressed as

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Resistance and Conductance

Resistance and Conductance


The electrical resistance of a circuit component or device is defined as the ratio of the voltage applied to the electric current whichflows through it:


If the resistance is constant over a considerable range of voltage, then Ohm's law,

I = V/R, can be used to predict the behavior of the material. Although the definition above involves DC current and voltage, the same definition holds for the AC application of resistors.

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Electric Transformer Theory

Electric Transformer Theory

Any two coils magnetically linked will act as transformers. Transformers come in as many forms as inductors, air or dust cored as well as the more familiar iron-cored type. The iron-core can take several forms. 
The simple transformer comprises two or more inductors (windings) sharing a common core. See Power Supplies for an explanation. 

Electric Transformer Theory
An alternating current is fed to one of the windings. The operation can explained by considering the magnetic field of the input winding, the primary, sweeping through the secondary winding to induce an AC current in the secondary. These principles are considered in  AC  

The "turns ratio"

A common task for a transformer is to provide an AC supply at a voltage suitable for rectifying to produce a stated DC output. 

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Inductors Resonance

Inductors Resonance

We'll start with the inductor! 

Inductors ResonanceThe Inductor
This figure shows a conductor carrying a current. A magnetic field is set up around the conductor as concentric circles.
If a coil of wire has a current flowing through it, the magnetic flux due to each turn will link with every other turn and produce the same sort of magnetic field as a permanent magnet. Such a coil is called a solenoid as shown here. It acts as a magnet only when current is flowing through it.
The magnetic polarity of the solenoid can be determined from the direction of current flow as seen looking in the ends, as shown in the diagram. From that the direction in which the magnetic field is acting can also be found.
Solenoids or electro­magnets are widely used in electronic equipment. Loudspeakers, headphones, moving coil microphones, measuring instruments, transformers and such things, depend on electromagnetism for their operation. 
A inductor may be air-cored or have a solid core. 

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